Ghana is located just to the north of the equator and has a tropical climate. The country is rich in resources and contains a great deal of fertile land. Agriculture, especially cocoa, contributes significantly to export earnings. The country is bordered by Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Togo, and the Gulf of Guinea.
The land is comprised mainly of plains. Near Accra, two hill ranges fan out to the north-east and north-west. These hills form the southern border of the Lake Volta. The range of hills continues to the north-west into the Ashanti uplands, where many cocoa trees have been planted.